The key difference between black and white skin relies on the type of melanin produced in these two types of skin. Black skin is a result of the production of eumelanin, which is dark brown to black in color while white skin is a result of the production of pheomelanin, which is red to yellow in color.
Human skin color varies from darkest to the lightest shades. Melanin is the main pigment responsible for skin color in humans. Therefore, genetics also play a major role in determining skin color. Black skin is mainly due to the production of eumelanin while white skin is due to pheomelanin.
1. Overview and Key Difference
2. What is Black Skin
3. What is White Skin
4. Similarities Between Black and White Skin
5. Side by Side Comparison – Black vs White Skin in Tabular Form
What is Black Skin
Black skin refers to dark human skin complexions. However, the main reason for black skin is the production of melanin. Black skin is a result of the overproduction of eumelanin. Eumelanin is a type of melanin which is responsible for the dark color in humans. Eumelanin produces dark brown to black color pigments, resulting in dark skin coloration.
In addition, the size and the number of pigment-producing cells also affect skin color. Melanocytes are pigment-producing cells. When there is a high number of melanocytes or large-sized melanocytes, there is an increased production of melanin. Therefore, this could also result in more darker colors leading to black skin color.
Furthermore, the expression, behavior and the effects of melanin are dependent on its genetics. Therefore, genetics also play a major role in black skin color. Further, this is the main reason why black skin color is also limited to a particular group of people based on their ethnicities. Moreover, there are specific dermatologic conditions involved with black skin people. Conditions such as melasma, eczema discoid and systemic lupus erythematosus are commonly found in dark-skinned people.